Automobile body sheet hereinafter referred to as ABS, is coining passenger car body covering parts of high precision aluminium alloy sheet, thickness of 0.8 mm to 1.8 mm, width 2200 mm or less, in the four kinds of high precision aluminum flat rolled products (FRPs) in its highest technical threshold, the other three products for aerospace aluminum alloy plate, PS and CTP plate, aluminum cans body strip. Automotive aluminum plate can be divided into two categories: ABS is a special category; Another kind is gm’s board, refers to all the other plate strip, other than the ABS sheet and plate, its performance is lower than that of the ABS.
Strict environmental regulations reversed transmission car lightweight
Greenhouse gases is piling up on earth, human survival environment is severe challenges, environmental degradation is one of the main producers of automotive exhaust. To protect the environment, since the end of last century, governments and some organizations measures, the European Union requires its members in 2020 sales of cars should reach 90 g/km of CO2 and fuel consumption should not exceed 4.5 L / 2016 (100 km), standard passenger cars in the city when driving on the road, the car’s own quality fuel consumption 84%, on personnel and reserve items and the consumption of fuel is only about 15%. Is known as the “country on wheels” the new federal law: car fuel consumption should be 7.6 L / 2016 (100 km), should be down to 4.5 L / 2025 (100 km). Japan car fuel consumption regulations 2015 should be 5.5 L/(100 km), or less CO2 emissions in 2015 must be lower than 2010 29%. At present, the Chinese consume 85% of gasoline were all kinds of cars, 75% of big cities is car emissions of harmful gas, China’s foreign oil dependency was more than 56.5% in 2011, China faces very serious situation of resources.
Thus, auto lightweight how important role in energy conservation and emissions reduction. Automobile lightweight measures have a design, processing and manufacturing, material aspect, but in today’s conditions, the former two aspects of “water” has not quite, replacing steel with low density of lightweight materials is the most realistic option, available light materials are aluminum, magnesium, titanium, plastic, composite material, but in the current and future a long time, use aluminum instead of steel is the most desirable, with the highest cost-effective.
Foreign ABS project construction system
Around the world, this round of ABS project reconstruction, expansion and new boom is expected to 2018 basic end, form the total production capacity of 4400 kt/a, can satisfy the demand of automobile manufacturing industry before 2030. The production capacity of the largest in the United States, 1810 kt/a production enterprise of 8; Germany’s second, 410 kt/a, 4 production enterprises; Japan’s third, 200 kt/a, 4 production enterprises; Six other total production capacity of 560 kt/a, respectively is: 120 kt/a, South Korea, Saudi Arabia 120 kt/a, 80 kt/a, Switzerland, France’s 120 kt/a, 80 kt/a in Belgium, Austria 60 kt/a.
Alcoa’s $300 million investment in 2011 the expansion of the Iowa (Iowa) Davenport rolling mill (Davenport Works) of the ABS production line, has completed in December 2013, the production capacity of 200 kt/a.
In early 2013, Alcoa’s investment of $275 million on Alcoa (Tennessee), Tennessee town Tennessee rolling factory of ABS production line reconstruction, the original of a body of material production line reconstruction for ABS strip line, completed in 2015, the production capacity of 150 kt/a.
Austin wenger rolling mill (Oswego Works) is located in the state of New York (NY), is a Nobel lish aluminium company original ABS production line reconstruction and the factory, the capacity of 240 kt/a, two production lines, each of the production capacity of 120 kt/a, has been operating in August 2013. The factory original leading products for body material.
Lewis porter rolling factory is located in Kentucky, is a Nobel lish aluminium company. Company decided to invest 350 million yuan in 2014, the newly built wide ABS continuous annealing production line 2, 1 new wide cold rolling machine, 1 r&d center, the total production capacity of 220 kt/a, in February 2017 and put into production, can produce 2300 mm wide is the world’s only enterprise of ABS.
The United States built the world’s largest ABS plant. Special alloy companies in the United States (American Specialty Alloys) plan in the southeastern United States build a the world’s largest car aluminum factory, with a total investment of $12 billion, auto level aluminum production capacity of 600 kt/a, this is unprecedented. Installment construction, the first built at the end of 2016, full production in June, 2017. In this factory the biggest point is: not only the world’s largest, and using small mill production.
Connectkentucky aluminium company is headquartered in Paris, France specializing in the production of high precision aluminum plate with enterprises, is the one hundred aluminum giant podium aluminum company (France), Switzerland aluminium company and alcan change of global industry leaders, by Apollo global management, Rio tinto and strategic investment fund company was founded in France. Connectkentucky aluminium company in November 2014 to buy ala (AL) mas Kerr cher, (Muscle Shoals) strip rolling mill to reach an agreement. After the completion of the acquisition, will invest $750 million by 2022 renovation and expansion of the factory, make the hot rolling production line production capacity from the current 450 kt/a rise to 700 kt/a, and production of 200 kt/a ABS.
Japan’s Toyota trading company with kobe steel company decided to build a ABS manufacturer in the southeastern United States, production capacity of 100 kt/a, used in the manufacture of Toyota motor corp., camel brand cars, it is popular in the United States. Projects can be built in the autumn of 2017, the beginning of 2018 full production.
Japan joint aluminum company (UACJ) cooperate with connectkentucky aluminium company, investment of $150 million in the United States Kentucky wave ning county Green (Bowling Green) to build a ABS plant, production capacity of 100 kt/a, in December 2015, the first roll strip rolled off the production line. The factory no casting, hot rolling and cold rolling production capacity, cold rolled coil is provided by the respective other flat rolled products factory.
Germany is the start of the ABS improvement and expansion of work, is the first job on this Nobel lish aluminium company, then Belgium, Austria, France, Switzerland and other related enterprises have the corresponding work, and has set up a ended in 2012. By the end of 2014, Germany has four enterprises can produce ABS, total production capacity of 410 kt/a.
Na DE Chester aluminium company belongs to the noble lish aluminium company, located in Germany, Chester, in 1997 began producing ABS, after expansion in 2009, production capacity of 120 kt/a. The plant has two characteristics: cold-rolled strip billet volume by lu’s aluminium company provide; Laser cutting tangent and put into production in 2002, four cutting machine, annual production capacity of 1 million pieces can be directly impact the size of the system of automobile sheet metal parts precise billet, logistics can optimize material, can reduce turnover and transport waste processing costs.
Lattice LeiWenBu Roy aluminium company belongs to the hydro aluminium company, located in Germany LeiWenBu Roy city, there are 2 ABS production line: AL1 and AL2, put into production in 2003, after GaiKuo total production capacity of 200 kt/a. AL2 high surface quality for the production of specialized production line 6 XXX department of ABS.
Gottingen rolling factory belongs to the noble lish aluminium company, is the expansion of the ABS production line, in the autumn of 2015 completed; Production capacity of 40 kt/a.
German rolling factory is located in the German city singan singan, connectkentucky aluminium company car division, ABS production capacity of 50 kt/a.
Austrian non-ferrous metal processing plant is the country’s only aluminum and copper rolling factory, located in LanShaoFen city (Ranshofen). Car plate production began in 2006, has a modern air cushion furnace and finishing production line, ABS production capacity of 60 kt/a.
Love excitation aluminium company based in Belgium du phil aluminum plate with new 1 wide aluminium strip cold rolling machine co., LTD. (2400 mm), in order to meet the needs of automobile company wide aluminum sheet. Du phil aluminum belt co., LTD., after this round of expansion, can produce the widest ABS Europe, also improved production capacity. The cold rolling mill has been in the first half of 2013 and put into production. Company’s ABS production capacity of 80 kt/a, maximum width of 2300 mm.
Swiss cher rolling factory now Nobel lish aluminium firm, in 2000 began producing ABS, after reconstruction of existing production of 80 kt/a.
French new Mr. Sarkozy aluminium company connectkentucky aluminium companies in the United States, began production of ABS, the mid – 1990-2004, 20 million euros investment on the production line, the reconstruction of the ABS production capacity of 100 kt/a, with the original have distinguishing feature each of 5 kinds of aluminum alloy manufacturing different sheet metal pieces: FormalexTM alloy, StrongalexTM alloy, SecuralexTM alloy, SurfalexTM alloy, UltralexTM alloy.
Saudi Arabia – aluminum company Alcoa (Ma “Aden Alcoa) English abbreviation for Saudi Arabian mining company. Saudi Arabia – Alcoa aluminum industry co., LTD. Is a foreign nearly 40 years of the most complete industry chain of new aluminum modern large-scale comprehensive enterprise, located in the port town in eastern Saudi Arabia – Hal horn, will be the world’s lowest cost of production of aluminum ingots and aluminum supply enterprises. In the original design and there is no ABS project, due to bullish on ABS market prospect, suddenly decided to build a ABS production line in 2013, production capacity of 120 kt/a. In Alcoa’s 30% stake in the company, but the it is responsible for the construction and put into production after the operation and management.
Nobel lish – Korea aluminium company is located in the city of Seoul, South Korea, plant in ulsan boulder and yeongju, 2010 flat rolled products production capacity of 600 kt/a, after a large-scale reconstruction, 2014 annual production capacity of 1000 kt/a, including ABS production capacity of 120 kt/a, have both become Asia’s largest single aluminum enterprises.
By 2013, Japan’s ABS production capacity is estimated to be 200 kt, true, distributed in kobe steel company rolling mill, Japan aluminium company jointly fukui rolling mill and rolling mill, sumitomo Osaka light metal Nagoya rolling plant of the company. True, rolling factory production accounts for about 50% of Japan’s total, research and development of 5 and 6 XXX XXX department ABS alloy has formed series, such as KS5J30 alloy with KS5H32 alloy automobile manufacturing obtained widespread application in Japan.
To and under construction have been put into operation in 2015 foreign ABS production capacity of nearly 3000 kt/a, in the United States, most accounts for the total capacity of up to 60%, followed by Germany, accounting for 13.8% of the total, the seven other countries accounted for 26.2%. Foreign countries can be mass production of ABS, a total of nine.
Nobel lish aluminium company is the world’s largest aluminum flat rolled products producer, is also the biggest high-end ABS producers, a total of seven factory in five countries around the world (including the Chinese one), the total production capacity of 940 kt/a, about 21.3% of world output can.
Catch-up domestic ABS project construction
As of 2015, China has been completed and put into operation of ABS project 2, building 6, production capacity of 1425 kt/a, 32.35% of the world’s total production capacity of 4405 kt, including 3 wholly foreign-owned enterprises, the total production capacity of 320 kt/a, accounting for 22.5% of the total capacity in China.
On December 21, 2009, media reports, the southwest aluminum (group) co., LTD of ABS offline smoothly, China’s first batch of ABS. The company has 2 air-cushion furnace production line, imported from the United States in the mid – 1980-1, the other one is domestic, but have yet to see Germany, Japan, the United States, South Korea’s major automobile manufacturing company batch provide ABS publicly reported. Estimated production capacity of about 35 kt/a.
Nobel Liz (China) aluminum products co., LTD is located in national high-tech development zone, changzhou, jiangsu province, covers an area of 4.32 million m2, a $100 million investment, ABS production capacity of 120 kt/a, on October 21, 2014 completed and put into operation. Downstream of the company is only part of the ABS process, the billet coil from Han Guoyun, will depend on the market situation for phase ii and fill establish upstream rolling and casting project. The company is noble lish aluminium company solely invested enterprise, 2015 with an automobile manufacturing batch supply ABS.
Under construction, the god of the steel aluminum (tianjin) co., LTD is located in tianjin economic and technological development zone, as kobe steel company owned enterprise, registered capital of 475 million yuan, the strip coil from Japan are shipped (Moka) rolling factory, with a total investment of 1.15 billion yuan, ABS production capacity of 100 kt/a, in the first half of 2016 and put into production, full capacity 140 production staff.
Nanshan aluminum under construction in 200 kt/a high precision aluminum plate with project construction by stages, equipment total investment of 8 billion yuan, a period with a 1 + 1 (5600 mm) (4100 mm) + 5 (3000 mm) strip line, 2800 mm CVC 6 plus single stand reversing cold mill not 1 and other necessary complete finishing equipment. Product structure: thick plate 80 kt/a, sheet with 120 kt/a. ABS points, the third phase of construction of the project: a period of 120 kt/a, the second phase of 180 kt/a, the third phase of 300 kt/a. Eventually become the 600 kt/a, to become Asia’s largest producers, special alloy company is neck and neck with the United States, but the second and third period can only be planned projects.
Tianjin zhongwang aluminum industry co., LTD. Is located in tianjin wu qing auto parts industrial park, covers an area of 5.5 million m2, with a total investment of 44.6 billion yuan, plate, belt, foil the total production capacity of 3000 kt/a, production since the second half of 2015, completed in 2018, including ABS production capacity of 300 kt/a, this is the world’s industrial history unprecedented aluminum big projects, a total of 10000 can.
Submission for the aluminum industry co., LTD is located in sanmenxia city in henan province, is the subsidiary of righteousness coal group, now built (4500 mm), 1 (1 + 1 (3300 mm) type hot coarse – finishing production line, the main production plate, and can produce sheet with the cold rolling and finishing equipment, but the share of ABS is not big, only 20 kt/a.
Zhongfu industrial co., LTD. Is a sino-foreign cooperative enterprises, located in gongyi city in henan province, has a 2500 mm (1 + 4) strip line 1, CVC CVC 6 plus 2500 mm and 2500 mm 6 plus single stand reversing cold mill not every 1, 2300 mm double frame GaXian 1 the cold, with a total investment of 4.5 billion yuan, has been operating in April 2014, the board, with the total production capacity of 600 kt/a, including ABS120kt/a, GATV air cushion annealing furnace.
Love wound international aluminum (zhenjiang) co., LTD. Is located in zhenjiang city estuary, is a wholly owned subsidiary of love wound international, first phase investment of $300 million, building 1, 4064 mm thick plate hot rolling mill, and form a complete set of equipment, on April 21, 2014, in production, production capacity of 50 kt/a. Phase ii of, is now a $200 million investment, ABS production capacity of 100 kt/a, in late 2016 or early 2017.