In August and September, Chinese entrepreneurs survey system to organize the implementation of the “2014 · China business operators questionnaire survey tracking”. This is the system organization nationwide 22 business operators annual follow-up. On November 19, a reporter from the system organization released “2014 · China business operators questionnaire survey tracking” learned, the current our country enterprise faces overcapacity, market demand, especially private investment demand and consumption demand insufficiency, the enterprise cost continues to rise and so on three big difficult.
The reporter understands in the interview, about the current enterprise one of the main difficulties in the operation and development, the business operators to choose the highest proportion of eight, in turn, is: “rising Labour costs (76%),” “, tax and fee burden of social security “(54.5%),” the whole industry overcapacity “(41.4%),” enterprise profit margin is too low (40.8%), “” money is tight” (35.6%), “the lack of talent” (30.4%), “domestic demand” (23.7%) and “enterprise recruitment difficult” (20.1%). Among them, choose “the whole industry overcapacity” the proportion of the highest in nearly five years.
The survey found that in recent years has been the development of the enterprise facing the rising cost of the main difficulties, and choose density showed a trend of rising. Analysis thinks, this is partly due to “the whole industry overcapacity” brought the enterprise competition, prices, leading to low profit margins, and increased overcapacity problem since this year.
The specific situation about overcapacity in enterprises of different industries. Mining and manufacturing of non-metallic products, textile, papermaking, chemical fiber, steel, general ship aerospace equipment, railway and other transportation equipment manufacturing industry overcapacity problem is outstanding, such as excess capacity “serious” or “very serious” enterprise by more than eighty percent; And electric heating gas and water production and supply industry, information transmission software and information technology services, leasing and business services, and manufacturing of electronic equipment, instrumentation and other industries are relatively good, more than forty percent of the business operators believe “basic does not exist” excess capacity.
Investigation showed that the equipment utilization can reflect the severity of the excess capacity. Results showed that 2014 equipment utilization in “75% and below” business operators (50.9%), “accounted for 32.8%, 75% to 90%” “90%” accounts for only 16.3% of enterprises overall average equipment utilization rate was 72.2%, including the overall average utilization rate of equipment manufacturing enterprises is 71%, essentially flat with 2013 survey results. Never look in the same industry, food, paper making, rubber plastic, non-metallic products, steel, non-ferrous metals industry equipment utilization rate of less than 70% on average.
From about 2015 enterprises is expected to see equipment utilization rate, equipment utilization rate in 2015 is expected to “75% and below” business operators accounts for 43.8%, “accounted for 36.9%, 75% to 90%” “more than 90% (90%), enterprise overall average equipment utilization rate is 75.3%, the manufacturing enterprises in 2015 the average utilization rate of equipment is expected to be 74.5%, higher than the results of a survey in 2013 by 0.4%. Never look in the same industry, paper making and non-metallic products industries is expected in 2015 the average utilization rate of equipment at about 70%, relatively low.
Folk relatively insufficient investment demand
The insufficient internal impetus driving economic growth mainly for market demand. About “entrepreneur” to the current needs of the national economy condition judgment survey found that although the current government investment demand basic right, but private investment demand and consumption demand is still inadequate, and compared with the previous two years, the government demand for investment and private investment demand are dropped. Among them, the private investment demand also reflects the future plans for the private enterprise investment growth rate is still low. Survey shows that private enterprise project investment “growth” next year only 13% more than “cut”, as the lowest level in nearly four years, also significantly lower than the state-owned and state holding companies and foreign companies.
Insufficient consumer demand from the industry on the production and marketing situation. Wholesale and retail trade, for example, according to the survey, about the current production (service) quantity and sales situation, wholesale and retail enterprises think “reduce” than “increase” of more than 21 and 22.6% respectively, significantly worse than the average of all industries.
The rising cost is still the main difficulties
In recent years, rising costs have been one of the main difficulties facing enterprises.
In about one of the main difficulties in current business development “, according to a survey of the business operators choose the highest proportion are “labor costs rise” (76%) and “social security and tax burden” (54.5%), in which “labor costs rise in recent years has been at all the options first, choose the proportion of more than seventy percent, but in recent years the proportion of” social security and tax burden “also showed a trend of rising.
About the cost of the changes. According to the survey, think the enterprise labor costs than at the end of last year “increase” business operators accounts for 90%, including “significantly increased” (28.9%), “increase” (61.1%); “Largely unchanged” accounted for 8.2%; “Reduce” accounted for 1.8%. Think “more” than “reduction” of more than 88.2%, the data and the results of a survey in 2013. Among them, the eastern region enterprises and small and medium-sized enterprise labor costs rise is opposite bigger, select “significantly increased the proportion of close to thirty percent.
On enterprise material purchasing prices, survey, think the current material purchasing price is at the end of last year “rising” of the business operators accounts for 31.2%, “flat” (44.7%), “down” accounted for 24.1%. Among them, the eastern region enterprises, large enterprises relatively few material purchasing prices rise.
About enterprise environmental expenditure this year. Survey shows that business environmental spending this year than last year the corresponding period “significantly increased” or “increased” business operators accounts for 61%, “largely unchanged” accounted for 37.9%. Survey results show that this year enterprise environmental spending more. Among them, the eastern region enterprises, large enterprises, foreign enterprises and private enterprises environmental spending more. Divisions, mining, electricity, heating the gas and water production and supply industry and manufacturing in the chemical, pharmaceutical, chemical fiber, non-metallic products, steel, non-ferrous metal and metal products industry enterprises such as environmental protection spending more.
At the same time of rising costs, the enterprise the management burden is heavier. About enterprise tax burden and non-tax costs since the beginning of the year, according to the survey, compared with last year, think of tax burden “largely unchanged” business operators accounts for 60.1%, “increase” or “significantly increased” (29.9%), suggests that enterprise tax burden has increased this year. Among them, the central enterprises, large enterprises, private enterprises tax burden increase more since this year.
Changes on enterprise non-tax fees, according to the survey, compared with last year, think of non-tax fees “largely unchanged since the beginning of the year accounted for 52.5% of enterprise operator,” increase “or” significantly increased “(34.3%), indicates that enterprises since the beginning of the year of non-tax costs increase. Among them, the eastern region, small businesses and foreign capital enterprises this year non-tax costs increase more.
Survey also showed that the current in the “production” or “BanTingChan” state enterprises accounted for 23.8%, 3.5% higher than 2013, among them, the small enterprises “production” “BanTingChan” the proportion of relatively high. Mining, real estate industry and the manufacturing of food, textile, papermaking, chemical industry, rubber plastic, non-metallic products, steel, non-ferrous metals, such as “production”, “BanTingChan” more than thirty percent of the total enterprises, it also reflects the reality of some of the current industry excess capacity is still outstanding.